One study in Brazil found that non-breastfed infants were 14 times more likely to die from diarrhea than exclusively breastfed infants.
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Clinicians try to treat the diarrheas by reducing the dosage of medication, changing the dosing schedule, discontinuation of the drug, and rehydration. Master today's medical …  These infections are often acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by feces, or directly from another person who is infected. , Oral rehydration solution (ORS) (a slightly sweetened and salty water) can be used to prevent dehydration. It is often used in medical terms, especially in pathology. and some strains of Escherichia coli are also a frequent cause. , Inflammatory diarrhea occurs when there is damage to the mucosal lining or brush border, which leads to a passive loss of protein-rich fluids and a decreased ability to absorb these lost fluids. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? However, there is some discrepancy when it comes to the impact of vitamin A deficiency on the rate of disease. In persons who have fructose malabsorption, excess fructose intake can also cause diarrhea. are a common cause of bacterial diarrhea, but infections by Salmonella spp., Shigella spp. In fact, it has been proposed that we might expect an 88% reduction in child mortality resulting from diarrheal disease as a result of improved water sanitation and hygiene. -rrhea definition, a combining form meaning “flow,” “discharge,” used in the formation of compound words: gonorrhea. In institutions, communities, and households, interventions that promote hand washing with soap lead to significant reductions in the incidence of diarrhea. About 30% of patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS have bile acid malabsorption diagnosed with an abnormal SeHCAT test.. , Medications such as loperamide (Imodium) and bismuth subsalicylate may be beneficial; however they may be contraindicated in certain situations.  Various toxins such as mushroom poisoning and drugs can also cause acute diarrhea.  In the Americas, diarrheal disease accounts for a total of 10% of deaths among children aged 1–59 months while in South East Asia, it accounts for 31.3% of deaths.
 There are concerns that antibiotics may increase the risk of hemolytic uremic syndrome in people infected with Escherichia coli O157:H7.
Describe 2020 In Just One Word? pancreatic disease or coeliac disease in which the nutrients are left in the lumen to pull in water. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. The form -rrhea comes from the Greek rhoía, meaning “a flow” (like a stream). , Acute diarrhea is defined as an abnormally frequent discharge of semisolid or fluid fecal matter from the bowel, lasting less than 14 days, by World Gastroenterology Organization..  Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli, such as E coli o157:h7, are the most common cause of infectious bloody diarrhea in the United States.  Osmotic diarrhea can also result from maldigestion, e.g. Chronic mild diarrhea in infants and toddlers may occur with no obvious cause and with no other ill effects; this condition is called, Moderate or severe diarrhea in young children. When did organ music become associated with baseball? There is limited evidence that safe disposal of child or adult feces can prevent diarrheal disease. A person who has lactose intolerance can have difficulty absorbing lactose after an extraordinarily high intake of dairy products.  Infectious diarrhea is frequently referred to as gastroenteritis.
This association does not stem from poverty itself, but rather from the conditions under which impoverished people live.
 It is estimated that around 21% of child mortalities in developing countries are due to diarrheal disease..  These treatments have been estimated to have saved 50 million children in the past 25 years. Describe 2020 In Just One Word?  Norovirus is the most common cause of viral diarrhea in adults, but rotavirus is the most common cause in children under five years old. This is usually by mouth – oral rehydration therapy – or, in severe cases, intravenously. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Zinc deficiency, a condition often found in children in developing countries can, even in mild cases, have a significant impact on the development and proper functioning of the human immune system. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? , Rotavirus vaccine decrease the rates of diarrhea in a population.  Greater than half of these were in Africa and South Asia.
Cf.  This supports the World Health Organization guidelines for zinc, but not in the very young.
The word diarrhea is from the Ancient Greek διάρροια from διά dia "through" and ῥέω rheo "flow". We Asked, You Answered. , Other infectious agents, such as parasites or bacterial toxins, may exacerbate symptoms.  Another absorbent agent used for the treatment of mild diarrhea is kaopectate. -rrhea is the medical terminology combining form meaning flow or discharge. Therefore, to maintain a charge balance in the gastrointestinal tract, sodium (Na+) is carried with it, along with water. Browse our Scrabble Word Finder, Words With Friends cheat dictionary, and WordHub word solver to find words that end with rrhea. ", One of the most common causes of infectious diarrhea is a lack of clean water. In Greek, the word rhoía helped form the Greek diárrhoia, literally “a flowing through,” source of the English diarrhea. Or it can be caused by osmotic laxatives (which work to alleviate constipation by drawing water into the bowels). a combining form meaning “flow,” “discharge,” used in the formation of compound words. milk or sorbitol, is stopped. Worldwide in 2004, approximately 2.5 billion cases of diarrhea occurred, which resulted in 1.5 million deaths among children under the age of five. Clean plain water can also be one of several fluids given. The interventions to control the diarrhea are not often effective.  Diet restrictions such as the BRAT diet are no longer recommended.  Adenovirus types 40 and 41, and astroviruses cause a significant number of infections. Variants of -rrhea include -rhea (spelled with a single r) and, chiefly in British English, -rrhoea and -rhoea (spelled with an o).  The three types of diarrhea are: short duration watery diarrhea, short duration bloody diarrhea, and persistent diarrhea (lasting more than two weeks, which can be either watery or bloody). denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract.
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